Author Topic: The Sticky List of Authors / Books / Movies / TV  (Read 5637 times)

Offline Pandora

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The Sticky List of Authors / Books / Movies / TV
« on: May 03, 2006, 04:28:04 AM »
Please check Sledge's Books of Lost section, which is updated also.  A great deal of credit for helping me compile this list goes to individuals who frequent LOST-TV's forums.  I will lock for now but edit and modify as new references come up.  Please feel free to discuss individual references in the body of this forum, and what you think their significance/symbolism to the story of LOST is.

Concretely & Explicitly Seen or Mentioned References

*marks books seen within hatch scenes
#marks books seen read by Sawyer

(Austen, Jane) – Charlie jokes with the girls at the bar in “Homecoming” that Jane Austen would not approve. Austen is the author of several popular classics on upbringing in “proper” society, and is especially well-known for her in-depth characterizations of strong female roles and observations of human interconnectiveness. Kate's maiden last name is also Austen, a possible allusion to this author.

(Alpert, Richard) - (Also known as "Ram Dass") Psychologist and new age spiritualist heavily influenced by Eastern philosophy and drug use; also the name of the recruiter for Mittelos Bioscience.

(Burke, Edmund) - British philosopher who strongly supported the American Revolution, but criticized the French Revolution; used as the name of Juliet's ex-husband.

(Hemingway, Ernest) – Locke tells Jack that Hemingway felt he was living in Dostoevsky’s shadow, likely a reference to the rift that was developing between the two lostaways on the show as well. Hemingway was known for his passionate yet matter-of-fact / economic style of writing, as well as his adventure-loving and at times volatile nature in real life. Many of his stories are about Man battling Nature as a metaphor for the internal struggle within all of us.

(King, Stephen) – Henry Gale, in response to Locke’s offer for The Brothers Karamazov to pass the time in captivity, sarcastically requests Stephen King instead. King is the author of The Langoliers, a story of a strange flight where the passengers that are asleep find themselves stranded after passing through a time warp (with unseen monsters called langoliers in hot pursuit trying to "eat up the events of the past"). He also wrote The Stand, about a post-apocalyptic world (dessimated by a deadly virus) in which good and evil are polarized forces poised for epic battle, and there is mention of a "black rock" (though this is a small version which hangs around the evil leader's neck). From the DVD commentary on D7 of S1 & several Podcasts: TPTB says that the table where writers brainstorm for new episodes of LOST is “never without a copy of The Stand”. Abrams, Lindelof & Cruse repeatedly hint at the importance of the book in their molding of the show on multiple interviews and podcasts. King has likewise shown enthusiasm and fan-support for the series in his Entertainment Weekly column.  King also co-authored The Talisman (with Peter Straub), in which the hero is named Jack Sawyer, a boy who goes on a life-changing journey (who in turn may be a reference to Mark Twaine's Tom Sawyer, known for his "con" of whitewash trickery). In many of his pop-horror books, clairvoyance and parapsychology play key roles.

(Locke, John) – The likely origin of Locke's name. An influential British philosopher and writer of the 17th Century. Amongst the many politico-philosophical ideas he is most well known for, is the Social Contract: an idea to denote an implicit agreement between the state, and the individuals it governs (greatly influential in that of many constitutions, including the Magna Carta and our own). This provided the theoretical groundwork for modern democracies. Also, he is known for developing Thomas Aquinas' concept of "Tabula Rasa" (blank state), also the title of an S1 episode--which states that Man is born free to direct the path of his own fate.

(Rousseau, Jean-Jacques) – The likely origin of Danielle Rousseau's name (both are traditionally refered to by last name only). An influential Franco-Swiss philosopher and writer of the 18th Century, who further developed the idea of the Social Contract (and published a book of the same name), and had great influence on the French Revolution and the development of socialism. He is best known for his idea of the "noble savage" (Danielle herself?)--that Man is born free and untainted, but is corrupted by society.


« Last Edit: February 10, 2007, 11:48:50 AM by Pandora »

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Re: The Sticky List of Authors / Books / Movies / TV
« Reply #1 on: May 03, 2006, 04:28:46 AM »
Alice in Wonderland (Carroll, Lewis; 1865) – One of the S1 episode titles is “White Rabbit”, about Jack chasing a fleeting image of his now-dead father through the jungle, a relationship which he is far from having closure with (Locke even mentions the book by name). The book can be read on many levels, but could be seen as exemplifying human self-discovery, and the never-ending search for a just-out-of-reach truth in a complex fantasy world. White rabbits are also referenced in popular fiction including A Wrinkle in Time (see below) & “The Matrix” (another version of the "layers of reality" theme).

Are You There, God? It's Me, Margaret (Blume, Judy; 1972)# – A hilarious reference they stuck in "The Whole Truth" as Sawyer reading material. A book for preteen girls to better understand their changing bodies with advice on periods and training bras, for the "new" Sawyer?

Bad Twin (Troup, Gary; 2006) – Hurley is seen reading a copy of this manuscript in one of the earlier episodes. It is written from the perspective of one of the Oceanic 815 passengers that did not survive the crash, and is about a pair of twins (one of which is missing), and later moves into a parallel world where friends and enemies look alike, and the idea of identity and truth itself becomes challenged. Set to be released in May as a spin-off from the series.

Bible, The (Holy) – Physically seen in "Deus ex Machina" (found by Boone near the drug plane) and "The Other 48 Days" (the tailees find one in the chest). There are countless Christian religious themes explored, directly and indirectly, in almost every episode and facet of the show. Mr Eko, a "born again" Catholic "priest", carves the books of the Bible on his stick, Rose is a devout Christian, and Charlie had a Christian upbringing as well. Claire had a dream in which her baby died, resulting in her wounding her own hands (like stigmata) and Charlie had a religiously themed dream about Claire as the Virgin Mary, which resulted in the "baptism" of Aaron. In addition, episode titles “Numbers” and "Exodus" are books of the Bible, and the “23rd Psalm” is directly taken from it as well. The skeletons in the caves are dubbed “Adam & Eve”. The phrase "the Lord is my shephard" is likely the inspiration for Jack's last name.

Brief History of Time, A (Hawking, Stephen; 1988) - Popular non-fiction book which attempts to explain complex astrophysics concepts to those outside the field. The Other named Aldo, who is guarding Karl in the Hydra building as he is being brainwashed, was reading and highlighting this book.

Brothers Karamazov, The (Dostoevsky, Fyodor; 1879)* – A book offered by Locke to Henry Gale to help pass the time while he is held prisoner in episode “Maternity Leave”. It is a book about three brothers that plot and kill their father, and later must face consequences. Major lessons from the book include the idea that free will exists but is a curse, especially when pertaining to questions of faith and redemption (concepts that are troubling Mr. Eko in the same episode, and just about every other character in the series at different times). Additionally, one of the characters who is most secure in his religious beliefs, Zosima, believes that it is not one man’s place to judge another, because human lives are interwoven and everything we do affects anothers’ life and comes back around. This idea of karma is exemplified in an early episode in which Sawyer is haunted by the shrimp truck man he murdered (mistaking him for the real Sawyer), with his last words “It’ll come back around”, later heard as whispers in the jungle and (in his eyes) as the reincarnated form of a boar that taunts him.

Carrie (King, Stephen; 1974) – The Others' book club reading material in "A Tale of Two Cities", shortly before Flight 815 went down; also seen briefly in "Not in Portland" on the table of Juliet's sister, Rachel (a different edition, with a different cover). Juliet says it is her "favorite book" at the club, possibly influenced by her sister's reading habits. It is about a girl who learns she has telekinetic powers as she grows into adolescence. She eventually channels her anger at being mistreated into her destructive powers. Possibly a reference to Walt's powers?

Confidence Man, The (Melville, Herman; 1857) – The title of an episode. Many characters from the book are eerily similar to those on the series. Recurring themes include characters not presenting themselves as they really are, starting over with a blank slate, characters with control issues, and the symbolism of tattoos. Of course, this is a common name for a conman also, so the title could just be refering to the common phrase, just as I believe "Lost in Translation" does (rather than a reference to the song or movie).

"Fugitive, The" (1993) – Hurley calls Kate "The Fugitive" in "Tabula Rasa". The movie is about an innocent man who is on the run from a marshall for a murder he didn't commit, and there is a one-armed man both (in Kate's case, she did commit the crime, but felt it was justified for mitigating circumstances; and the one-armed man was the farmer who turned her in, not the murderer).

Green Lantern / Flash : Faster Friends Comic (1997) – Walt is seen in more than one episode reading a Spanish version of this comic, before it is burned out of anger by his father. Both times, shortly after these moments, polar bears (seen within the comic) are then seen in real life. Story: GL & Flash team up to defeat an alien from a crash-landed spacecraft without questioning of his motives as being unpeaceful; later, it is captured and held for years in a govt run lab. After it escapes, there is the possibility of war with the parasitic alien world; there are also elements in the story of mistaken identities and a sickness which finds a cure through a stem-cell-like treatment.

Harry Potter (Rowling, J.K.; 1997) – Hurley jokes that Sawyer's new glasses make him look like "someone steam-rolled Harry Potter". Mostly just a point of derision to poke fun at a studly, masculine character. Harry Potter is also a fantasy book about a boy who finds himself as he trains for a future in wizardry.

"Hearts and Minds" (1974) – One of the early S1 episode titles. Also, an Academy Award-winning pacifist documentary about the Vietnam War, with insights about militarism and human conflict.

Heart of Darkness (Conrad, Joseph; 1902) – Jack refers to the jungle as a “heart of darkness” on the show. Recurring themes in the book include the use of descent into the jungle as a metaphor for descent into the dark depths of the soul; Africa is the setting of the book, and also often referenced within the LOST series. Another "Heart of Darkness"/"Apocalypse Now" (a movie roughly based on the book) reference: In "Numbers" Charlie refers to Hurley as "Colonel bloody Kurtz".

House of the Rising Sun (Hustmyre, Chuck; 2004) – Title of an S1 episode, which (in addition to the play on word with Sun's name and the suggestion of an Eastern setting) may or may not also be a reference to the book of the same name (both have strong mafia elements to the plot).

Lancelot (Percy, Walker; 1977)# – Sawyer is seen reading this in “Maternity Leave”. I have not read it and will use snippets / paraphrasing of drabauer’s analysis here (apologies if I mangle any of it, but couldn’t include the whole thing here): The narrator is accused of a horrific crime, paralleling Henry Gale’s situation, and again there is the question of how punishment will be dealt justly. It also is another allegory of the search for a grail theme, though this time, unholy; and a reference to a Pandora’s Box. Lance rejects absolution and religion. He appears to be losing touch with reality as he continues his rant, but is conscious of his delirium. Lance's crime of blowing up his house to kill his wife (which he felt was justified) also mirror's Kate's crime.

Lord of the Flies, The (Golding, William; 1954) – Sawyer, after he captures Jin for what he believes to be his burning of the raft (later proven false), says “It’s Lord of the Flies time”. The book is about a group of schoolboys trying to recreate society after being stranded on an island, only to have it break down when the darker side of human nature defies attempts to establish order. The main conflict in the book is the widening ideological gap between Ralph, the rational & moral leader who wants to establish order, and Jack, who wants a hedonistic, animalistic anarchy. Murder and mayhem ensue as the story continues and things get out of hand. Other similarities to the show include the importance of glasses (Piggy's; used for making fire), asthma (Piggy's), a castaway that feels a naturalistic connection to the island (Simon), the recurrent appearance of boars, and a running gag of confusion between a pair of characters--Scott/Steve (redshirts) vs. Sam/Eric. (Latter references came from a numbers forum post) Simon's not-so-accidental death in the book and Boone's death in the show are also both later rationalized as sacrifices to the island (in the former case, by Jack of the book, in the latter, by Locke).

Memoirs of a Geisha (Golden, Arthur; 1997) – In an airport scene, an American lady, critical of Sun's apparent subserviance to Jin, says their spat is "straight out of Memoirs of a Geisha". The book tracks the transformation of a young village girl into a strong-willed geisha, in a woven romantic tale about defiance against societal norms; according to one review, very reminiscent of Jane Austen's work. Also, the main character is the daughter of a fisherman, and falls in love by fateful meeting atop a bridge, much like Jin & Sun's story.

Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, An (Bierce, Ambrose; 1891)* – Locke is seen holding a copy when he claims he is alphabetizing the books in the hatch (when he is actually looking for more pieces of the orientation film). It is a short macabre French story about a man who is condemned to be hanged on a bridge. It follows his journey as he struggles to escape and return home, only to have the reader find out in the end that the events have all taken place within his mind, during his final moments before death by hanging.

"Star Trek" – In "All the Best Cowboys Have Daddy Issues", Boone asks Locke if he's ever seen "Star Trek", while they tie red shirts to trees to mark their path in the jungle. He says "The crew guys that would go down to the planet with the main guys, the captain and the guy with the pointy ears, they always wore red shirts. And they always got killed." This is the origin of the term "redshirt", a joke to refer to nondescript characters on LOST which are not our main characters, but which are often seen in bankground shots. They are occasionally used in scenes which require "extra manpower" or a death which doesn't significantly change our central cast of characters. Our show also bears particular resemblance to episodes 'Wink of an Eye', 'Shore Leave' and several other episodes. Though the original series was about outer space exploration, many of the themes covered actually allude more to inner space (psychology-themed) exploration.

"Sur les Débuts de Melles Rachel et Pauline" (de Musset, Alfred; 1839)* – Locke writes on a page of a book with this French poem while trying to redraw the map in "S.O.S." "Mother as a keeper of the sacred flame" likely alludes to Other's plot with children, & Danielle, Claire & maternal archetypes; "leisure of the modern and the ancient" may be allusions to the juxtaposition of new & old in the story (heiroglyphics, Latin, DHARMA); "jealous flags" may reference the territoriality between the Others and the Losties and probably new territorialities developing, most recently loyalty to the island over "civilization".

Tale of Two Cities, A (Dickens, Charles; 1859) – Title of S3 premiere episode.  The writers have said in the podcast that the title comes from the two "societies" of the Others and the Losties.  The Dickens book itself is a historical tale of social upheavel and redemption during the French Revolution.

Third Policeman, The (O’Brien, Flann; 1967)* – On the show, it is the book that Desmond is seen stuffing into his bag full of belongings, shortly before fleeing his years of isolation in the hatch for the jungle. The books is a darkly absurd/surreal novel told from the perspective of a narrator and admitted murderer, who later determines to find three policeman, the last of which involves descent into a strange and parallel world where men become one with the bicycles they ride. In his search, he researches the works of a madman who believes “darkness is a hallucination”. Additionally “the box” in the novel is a bunk that resembles that of the dark hatch. Lastly, he has a number of rather wacky theories, which may be a nod to internet fans of the show. According to a BBC report & an article in the Chicago Tribune on Sept 21 of last year:]...The Third Policeman also was to contain key insights into LOST, a fact that led to it selling more copies in the 3 weeks following the episode's airing than in the 6 years that preceded this. LOST script writer Craig Wright said the book was chosen "very specifically for a reason."

"Travel in Dreams", or, "Third Eye Mountain Ascended in a Dream" (Li Bai Tai) - Seen as calligraphy on screen in flashbacks of the Jin/Sun Kwon home. Actually the title of an early Tang Dynasty (centuries old) poem by a well-known Chinese poet. The content itself is surreal, about a man who journeys far in a dream as though in a vivid parallel dimension, only to be abruptly awoken to the mundaneness and bitterness of reality. To paraphrase the poetry scholar that did the analysis: He realises that redemption and The Way to Higher Truths (Tao) can only be attained through letting go of loss and gain in the real world. There is this paradox that dreams can be better at revealing the truth than reality.

Turn of the Screw, The (James, Henry; 1898 & in book form, later in 1900's)* – The DHARMA orientation tape is found behind a copy of this book. It is the story of a governess in a country house that becomes convinced there is a ghostly conspiracy that is behind the mysterious goings-on within the house, and that an evil spirit has possessed the children. As the story concludes, we are left uncertain if the entire story is the result of her descent into madness (in her head) or really occurring as she perceives things.

Watership Down (Adams, Richard; 1972)# – Sawyer is seen on several occasions reading this book, which he glibly refers to as a cute tale “about bunnies”; it later becomes a source of conflict when Boone accuses him of stealing it out of his luggage, along with inhalers that his sister needs for an asthmatic attack. The book is an allegory about rabbits that survive many trials and tribulations in their quest to find “home” after escaping the clairvoyantly foreseen destruction of their old warren. In the process, they learn lessons about the cyclic nature of life and the best way to establish government (first encountering a socialist society, then a totalitarian one, and finally settling on a democratic vision they must defend). Fiver is a clairvoyant outcast rabbit that helps the group find their way to the promised land, with similarities to Walt and Locke. The idea to use a boat/raft as a means of escape is also crucial to both stories; and in both, there is an outsider who occasionally comes by to help them (Keehar the seagull/Rousseau). In the opening scene of the movie based on the novel, there is also a close-up where a rabbit eye fills the screen, as a reminder that this tale will be told from their perspective. One of the chapters in the book is also named "Deus Ex Machina" (like one of the LOST episode titles), after the idea of a literary device used to unexpectedly untangle plot situations.

Wrinkle in Time, A (L’Engle, Madeline; 1962)# – Sawyer is seen reading this book. It is a sci-fi about time travel and also has references to loss of a father and many Christian themes. This time travel is facilitated by tesseracts (a 4-dimensional version of a cube, with the last dimension being time--a real concept of Euclidian geometry). The great evil being they are fighting against is called "The Dark Thing", which takes the form of a giant black cloud that eats up the universe.

Other miscellaneous books seen within the hatch in brief screencaps (of which I have no synopses / analyses for yet)—much less “center stage” in significance: Dirty Work (Woods, Stuart; 2003)*, High Hand (Phillips, Gary; 2000)*, Hooded Crow, A (Thomas, Craig; 1992)*, Rainbow Six (Clancy, Tom; 1999)*, Hindsights (Kawasaki, Guy; 1994)* and After All These Years (Isaacs, Susan; 1994)*.

Miscellaneous books seen on Christian Shephard's bookshelf in brief screencaps: Q is for Quarry (Grafton, Sue; 2002)[/u], several W.E.B. Griffon books: Final Justice (2003), Special Ops (2001), Fighting Agents (2000), a book on Churchhill, and a book on Plato.

« Last Edit: February 10, 2007, 11:50:20 AM by Pandora »

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Re: The Sticky List of Authors / Books / Movies / TV
« Reply #2 on: May 03, 2006, 04:29:31 AM »
Looser Associations / Possible Implied References or Jokes

(Carlyle, Thomas) – Possibly the origin of Boone Carlyle's name. A 19th Century Scottish essayist, best known for his writing about the fundamental flaws of heroes (Boone is frequently mocked as being a hero-wannabe by Shannon).

"Cube" (1997) – The opening scene is a close-up of someone's eye. A small and very diverse group of total strangers awake in an artificially-designed trap, and have no memory of what brought them there or where in the universe they are. Each room they enter is cubic and has a different death trap they must outwit. The characters are very different and don't always get along, but realise that they are all there for a reason and must work together to survive. Like the characters from our show, they all have meaningful names (are named after famous prisons). The key to escape lies in a complex mathematical puzzle (to which clues, in part, are number series engraved upon the doorway of each room), which utilises each of their unique individual abilities.

"Dave" – An old Cheech & Chong routine of "Dave's not here" was likely the inspiration for the naming of Dave, Hurley's imaginary friend.

Epic of Gilgamesh, The (Roughly 2500? BC) – The answer to a crossword puzzle in “Collision”. Considered by many to be the world’s oldest written story, it is a Babylonian epic written on tablets about the adventures of a the great king Gilgamesh, on a trek which covers both mortal and immortal worlds. This ancient work is said to have substantially influenced the development of later masterpieces The Holy Bible and The Odyssey.

"Event Horizon" (1997) – One of the Latin phrases on the blast door map is "Liberate te ex infernis" (Save yourself from Hell); a similar phrase (Save us from Hell) was written on the wall in Latin in the movie. The movie is in part like The Philadelphia Experiment set in space; this and the Montauk Project that followed have many similarities to LOST (including a sickness caused by electromagnetic disturbance and being "unstuck from time" as the result of covert government-run research into cloaking and invisibility).

"Everybody Loves Raymond" – Comedy sitcom that likely gave the title for the episode "Everybody Hates Hugo".

"Fantasy Island" – Our show bears particular resemblance to several shows of the first season, and Sawyer also calls Walt "Tattoo". Guests to the island pay to have their fantasies mysteriously filled, but things never turn out how they expected.

"Finding Nemo" (2003) – Possibly the "cartoon about a fish" that Shannon remembered the song "La Mer" from (Below). Hard to say if there's a direct connection with the show, but the movie is about a lost young fish that goes to great lengths and overcomes many obstacles to be reuinited with home & a father (with whom he has had "issues" with).

"Godfather, The" (1972) – In the Pilot, Locke has an orange peel smile when he unsuccessfully attempts to humor Kate after the grim activity of taking the shoes off of a corpse. In the movie, the Don dies shortly after a scene in which he shows an orange peel smile (may or may not be a real allusion). The movie has in common with the series, mafia ties (Jin & Mr. Paik), the giving of a gift that may be a threatening harbinger of death (watch on the series, per Chinese/Korean superstition; fish in the movie), and Don = "father issues"?

Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, The (Adams, Douglas; 1985) – The last number of the infamous numeric series on the show is 42 (and quite separate from the others). In the book (which is written more as a humorous sci-fi satire), 42 is the answer to the meaning of “Life, the Universe and Everything”. Both are also books about stranded protagonists.

I Ching, The – Centuries old Chinese philosophical text that describes a system of belief that is central to Taoism & Confucianism, and secondarily also influenced Buddhism (108 is a sacred number to Buddhists) and other Asian faiths. The "Ultimate Way" as described is much like the "Way to Higher Truths" = dharma of Buddhism & Hinduism. Furthermore, the DHARMA Initiative symbol is a modification of the bagua, a wheel of hexagram determinants surrounding a yin/yang, all found within the sacred text.

"Lassie" – Sawyer says "Timmy fell down the well again" in "Dave" (in reference to Kate's many treks & adventures).

Lost! (Thompson, Thomas; 1975) – A true-life story of three people traveling to Costa Rica in a trimarin, who get marooned, one of them a pregnant woman. A similar man-of-faith vs. man-of-science dynamic plays out when one character tries to start a signal fire, and another (a devout fundamentalist) goes ballistic, claiming that they shouldn't interfere with God's will (and the sign is a reminder of "S.O.S.").

Lottery, The (Jackson, Shirley; 1948) – White & black stones are seen in both the series (Adam & Eve) and this short story, where they are used to determine who will live or die. Additionally, Hurley wins a lottery, but ironically feels cursed rather than blessed; in the short story, the “winner" of the lottery (Mrs. Hutchinson) ironically ends up getting stoned to death by the village and used as scapegoats.
« Last Edit: May 03, 2006, 04:31:58 AM by PandoraX »

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Re: The Sticky List of Authors / Books / Movies / TV
« Reply #3 on: May 03, 2006, 04:29:49 AM »
"Marnie" (1964) – Opening scene of "Born to Run" is eerily similar to that of this Hitchcock movie, with SS cards switched instead of licenses, and a false blonde taking the dye out of her hair in the shower, before we see her face (with similar background music). Also, both about women with dark pasts (both killed a man) trying to conceal their identities, on the run from the law; and have the presence of a black horse in the plots.

Most Dangerous Game, The (Connell, Richard; 1924) – In “Hearts and Minds”, when Locke is questioned about why the boar are moving out of the valley, says it is in response to Man, “the most dangerous predator of all”; also, they hunt men on the show in the episodes “Homecoming” and “The Hunting Party”. The short story itself is about a man named Rainsford who is brought to an island to be hunted like prey by a deranged general. It is a story about learning self-sufficiency and survival skills in the face of a bizarre human cat-and-mouse game.

Mysterious Island, The (Verne, Jules; 1875) – In "Whatever the Case May Be", Shannon makes reference to "Mystery freakin' Island". Verne is known for writing a number of adventure/fantasy books, but this one has particular similarities to the plot of our series. It starts off with a hot air balloon ride that gets blown way off course to a strange uncharted island in the South Pacific--the castaways are a small group and a dog. They along the way also encounter polar bears and pirates, and one nearly gets killed; additionally, they manage to survive on the island by manufacturing many things, including nitroglycerine, and a boat. Verne is also the author of the lesser known Floating Island (1895), about a man-made island which is divided into two groups, a split that threatens the future of the island itself.

"Office, The" – Lucy mentions to Charlie that her father bought a paper company in Slough, U.K.; the British sitcom is about a paper company in this town.

"Office Space" – TPS reports are mentioned in Locke's company, and are an ongoing gag in the movie.

"Outsiders, The" (Movie 1983; Adapted From Hinten, S.E. Book; 1967) – Johnny calls Hurley “Ponyboy”, after a character from this movie about greaser outcasts. While superficially, the two stories are very different (with the latter focusing more on a culture of car idolatry), they are both about what it takes to conform to group order, and struggling for survival in a harsh environment.

"Peter Pan" (1953; Adapted From Barrie, J.M. Play; 1904) – Very similar scene in both movie & show of a strange "Other" (legs only shown) dragging away a teddy bear behind him, implying that a child was kidnapped. The story is about children that refuse to grow up (the LOST Boys), and end up getting more than they bargained for, on the island of Neverland.

"Pi" (1998) – There are many similarities in this movie about a reclusive mathematician who believes he has found a pattern to the stock market (and possibly the meaning of life) through a long string of numbers relevant to the Fibonacci series. The scenes where he plays Go (a Japanese board game with black & white stones) are extremely reminiscent of Locke's favorite game of backgammon (and both are historically ancient, with a logical complexity which belies superficial simplicity; also both are used as metaphores for the universe). Religious themes are connected through The Torah, much as they are tied into our story with The Bible & The I Ching. Max is obsessed with his numbers much as Hurley is; Sol Robeson tells him: "As soon as you discard scientific rigor, you're no longer a mathematician, you're a numerologist."  Damon & Carlton have a well-known relationship & respect for Aronofsky, the director of "Pi" & "Requiem for a Dream"... so much so, he was asked to guest direct an episode of LOST (he declined due to his wife's pregnancy).

"Prisoner, The" – Campy British mystery series. Similarities to the show: Persons with traumatic life events wake up on a remote, unknown island; "Number One" and "Him" are both mysterious, shadowy powers-that-be want something from both groups of "prisoners"; there is a roving entity on both islands that may prevent islanders from escaping; numbers play an important role in both (in "The Prisoner", the people are numbered rather than named).

Sphere (Crichton, Michael; 1997) – A popular science fiction novel about a small group of individually-specialized scientists who go down to explore a mysterious closed sphere at the bottom of the ocean (like the hatch?). One of them manages to unexplainably enter it (but doesn't recall how), and thereafter, the group is terrorized by dangerous undersea monsters (which, unbeknownst to them, are being manifested from the subconscious mind of the one who entered). They also meet an apparently benign, child-mind entity called Jerry, who communicates to them only through the computer (in scenes eerily reminiscent of Michael's "chat" with the missing Walt); who turns out later to be psychologically-rendered and potentially dangerous also. Another varation on The Tempest theme, below. Crichton is also the author of several science-based novels, including Jurassic Park (1990), where we meet another small group terrorized by monsters of science run-amok, but with shades of The Island of Dr Moreau (Wells, H.G.; 1896). Damon & Carlton have said that they are huge fans of Michael Crichton.
"Star Wars" (1977; Later Trilogy Movies 1980, 1983) – Hurley calls Jack’s trick of calming Shannon’s asthma attack a “Jedi moment”. The movie trilogy is also about a battle between good & evil externally as well as internally within the characters, with both having protagonists that have “father issues”. Additionally, in "Exodus", Sawyer calls Michael and Jin "Han and Chewie"; Sawyer calls Hurley "Jabba".  From the DVD commentary on D7 of S1: Josh Holloway also says that he partially tries to portray the character of Han Solo when playing Sawyer.

Tempest, The (Shakespeare, William; 1611) – Set on an island which is haunted by spirits and where magic abounds. In common with the show are conspiracy-produced shipwrecks, unexplained phenomena, and a young pregnant character whose son grows up on the island. The science fiction movie "Forbidden Planet" (1956) (loosely based on the classic play) has the spirits replaced by an electrical "monster" similar to Smokey (called "Monsters from the Id"). Unbeknownst to the rest of the stranded crew, the monster is an extension of the mad scientist's subconscious mind and wreaks havoc on the others whenever he's having a bad day. Both are tragic stories of Man's foolish hubris. Shakespeare also wrote Hamlet (1602), where the Prince has his conscience triggered by the ghost of his father, much as Jack does in "White Rabbit".

"Twilight Zone, The" – Our show bears particular resemblance to 'The Time Element', 'The Monsters are Due on Maple Street', 'The Mind and the Matter', 'The Odyssey of Flight 33', "The Arrival', 'Five Characters Looking for an Exit' (in turn inspired by the French play, Huis Clos / No Exit by Sartre, Jean-Paul; 1944) and many other episodes of the long-running sci-fi series. An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge (see above) was also made into an unusual episode of The TZ, the only externally produced episode. TZ episodes repeatedly explored themes of man’s lonely place in the universe, subjective perceptions of reality, and violence that occurs as the result of humankind's paranoia or inability to understand one another. According to Unlocking the Meaning of Lost (Porter & Lavery):Damon Lindelof has said that his pans to dark sky teeming with stars during the Pilot are a hommage to "The Twilight Zone", and shot to emphasize just how alone the survivors really are in the universe.  In a NY Times interview: JJ Abrams spoke again about the inspirational influence of "The Twilight Zone" and Rod Serling.

"Wizard of Oz, The" (Movie 1921; Adapted from Wonderful Wizard of Oz, The, by Baum, L. Frank; 1900) – Henry Gale is the name of the mysterious stranger the lostaways encounter, and is also the full name of Dorothy’s Uncle Henry in the movie; hot air balloons also figure into both stories. The story of The Wizard is a parable of the search to find oneself, and ends with Dorothy discovering that there is a mortal force “behind the curtains” that is not nearly as omnipotent or scary as originally perceived. The Baum book upon which the movie is based (which does not have the full Gale name consistantly used) is itself a political satire that ties in themes of "duping the public with illusionary promises" and ideology of William Jennings Bryan, later downplayed for the popular movie audience. Zeke is also the name of the hired hand on the Gale farm, who advises Dorothy to "have courage" (and later the same actor plays the Cowardly Lion). From the March 1 Official Podcast:  Damon & Carlton confirmed this connection of Henry Gale's name to the Wizard of Oz.
« Last Edit: May 03, 2006, 09:45:16 AM by PandoraX »